How to configure add-ons in Windows 10

Windows 10 has many different components that you can turn on or off through the control panel. Some of them are designed for servers, but some will come in handy for regular users. In this article, we will look at what each of these components is.

How to view additional components in Windows 10, and enable or disable them through the Control Panel

To access additional Windows components through Control Panel, follow these steps:

  1. Launch the Control Panel (by clicking on “Start” with the right mouse button and selecting “Control Panel”, or using the search)
  2. Select the “Programs and Tools” section
  3. Select “Enable or disable Windows components,” which is located on the left side of the window
  4. The Windows Components window will open in front of you
  5. In the window, you will see the available functions. Those with ticks are on, those without ticks are off
  6. If you see a square in front of the component, to the left of which is a “+”, it means that it contains additional parameters, and you can include both this component and part of its functions. By clicking on “+”, you can see a list of additional parameters of the component. To turn on the component – you must check it to turn it off – uncheck it, then click “OK”
  7. After making the changes, restart your computer.

Additional components available in Windows 10

The additional components available in Windows 10 will depend on which version of the operating system is installed on your computer. For example, if you are a Windows 10 Home user, some add-ons may not be available to you.

In the screenshot below you can see the difference in the number of additional components in Windows 10 Home, and Windows 10 Pro.

In this article, we’ll look at a more complete set of add-ons available in the professional version of Windows 10:

  1. .NET Framework 3.5 (includes .NET 2.0 and 3.0): This component is required to run applications that are written on these versions of .NET. If this component is needed by the application, the operating system will automatically install it.
  2. .NET Framework 3.5 (includes .NET 2.0 and 3.0): This component is required to run applications that are written on these versions of .NET. If this component is needed by the application, the operating system will automatically install it.
  3. Hyper-V: a virtualization tool from Microsoft. This component contains the main platform, as well as tools for managing and using virtual machines.
  4. Internet Explorer 11: if you do not plan to use the outdated Internet Explorer browser – you can disable it completely.
  5. SNMP protocol: An old protocol for managing switches, routers, and other network devices. This component will be useful to users who are still working in an environment that uses this old protocol.
  6. Windows Identity Foundation 3.5: This component can be used by older NET applications. If any application will require you to have this component – check and turn it on.
  7. Windows PowerShell 2.0: a more advanced command line that allows you to, for example, uninstall or reinstall with standard programs in Windows 10. This component is enabled by default, but if it is not used, you can disable it.
  8. Deployed IIS Web Core: Normal users typically do not need this component. It is typically used by IT professionals and software developers.
  9. Built-in shell launcher: This is a new component in Windows 10 that allows applications to run in a secure isolated space if they are programmed to do so. Ordinary users do not need this component.
  10. Telnet client: Telnet commands allow you to remotely connect to the command line interface on computers and devices running a Telnet server. Telnet is not secure, so activating this component is recommended only if it is really needed.
  11. TFTP Client: Allows you to transfer files using the TFTP protocol. This protocol is outdated and also dangerous, so it can only be useful on older devices.
  12. Work Folders Client: This component allows you to synchronize folders from the corporate network with your computer.
  13. Multimedia components: If you do not use Windows Media Player to play video and audio, you can disable this component.
  14. Components of previous versions: this component was previously part of DirectX, and was used to create networks and multiplayer games.
  15. RAS Connection Manager Administration Pack: This tool allows you to create custom remote access profiles for a VPN. Typically, this component is used in corporate networks by IT professionals.
  16. Print to PDF: Adds the ability to print any document to a PDF file. You can also use it to combine images into a single PDF file. By default, this component is enabled, but if for some reason you do not need it – uncheck and click “OK”.
  17. ARI remote spacing compression support: an algorithm needed to compare synchronized files. Some applications may require this feature, although there are not many such applications.
  18. SMB 1.0 / CIFS file sharing support: allows you to share files and printers with older Windows (4.0 to XP). Linux and Mac operating systems can also use the older SMB protocol to share files and printers.
  19. RIP Listener: This service will only be useful to users who have a router that supports RIPv1. This may come in handy on a corporate network, but is unlikely to be needed at home.
  20. Simple TCPIP Services: This is a set of additional network services to troubleshoot some corporate network problems. Ordinary users will not need this component.
  21. Microsoft Message Queuing Server: An old service for sending messages on untrusted networks. In case of loss of communication, messages are stored in the buffer and sent immediately after its restoration. This feature is required for the correct operation of some enterprise applications.
  22. Windows Activation Service: This feature may only be useful for software developers. This component is related to Internet Information Services (IIS).
  23. Active Directory Services for Easy Directory Access: Provides an LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) server. It runs as a Windows service and provides a directory for online user authentication. This is an alternative to a full Active Directory server that will only be useful on some corporate networks.
  24. IIS Services: Provides Microsoft ‘s web and FTP servers from Microsoft along with server management tools.
  25. XPS Services: Allows you to print XPS documents. Microsoft created this document format in Windows Vista, although most users use PDF printing. Disabling this component will destroy this printer.
  26. Document Printing Services: Internet and Windows print client, fax and scanning features enabled by default. They allow you to scan over the network, print and send faxes. You can also add support for LPD and LPR network printing protocols, although they are older and not needed as often, only if you have a connection to the network printer they need.
  27. MultiPoint Connector: Allows the computer to monitor and control using MultiPoint Manager and the Application Bar. This is useful only in corporate networks, and only if these networks use these management tools.
  28. XPS Viewer: An application that allows you to view XPS documents.
  29. Windows TIFF IFilter: A feature that allows you to activate Windows indexing services to parse .TIFF files and perform optical character recognition (OCR). This component is disabled by default because it is an intensive process that creates a load. However, if you use a lot of TIFF files (for example, if you regularly scan paper documents in TIFF, this can be a useful feature that makes it easier to find these scanned documents.

How to view additional components in Windows 10, as well as enable or disable them using the “Options” window

In Windows 10, some settings have been moved from the Control Panel to Settings. To access them, follow these steps:

  1. Open “Options” (the corresponding button is located in the lower left corner of the “Start” menu above the shutdown button “.
  2. Select the “System” section.
  3. Select “Applications and features”.
  4. Click on the line “Manage additional components”.
  5. Select the component you want, click on it and you will see the “Delete” button.
  6. You can also select “Add component”, after which the system will ask you to add additional fonts for some languages.

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